The Garden City movement was the inspiration for common interest housing. Ebenezer Howard, a 19th century utopian thinker, wanted to build new, self-sufficient cities on undeveloped land that would allow people to have the best of city and country living in one place under a benevolent managerial government.. Two of these cities, Letchworth and Welwyn, were built, and the idea came to the US, where real estate developers took it in a differert direction. I tell that story in my first book on HOAs. But the Garden City Movement still exists, as evidenced by this artcle concerning an attempt to create accreditation for "real" Garden Cities. They even have a Letchworth Declaration that lays out the governing principles.